Water is the second most important resource for all life both animals and plants in the world after the air. Water is essential for the survival of all life and it is estimated a human or animal would only survive for 3 days without water unlike 21 days without food. It is thus crucial that we have safe water on demand. With erratic rainfall patterns and falling river levels, it is important that we store water when it rains for use when the dry season is upon us. The problem is even dire in urban areas with the unreliable piped water supply by the authorities. In urban areas we have no rivers where we can get safe water for use and where boreholes or wells are non-existent. For this reason, the few options are either drilling a well or storing water from either rain or from piped water supply.
Boreholes in Kenya
Boreholes are therefore necessary where water supply of clean usable water is not guaranteed. The advantage of boreholes is that their water quantities are very stable and thus can satisfy a variety of uses. This uses maybe agricultural irrigation, domestic consumption and industrial use.
Before deciding to drill a borehole its always necessary to consult a qualified and registered hydrologist to conduct surveys to determine the exact point to drill. depth, quantity of water and whether the water is of drinking quality before starting the drilling process.
This will help you know the approximate depth for which you will get water.
Factors influencing the price of drilling boreholes.
The following factors will influence the cost of a borehole
- Depth and casing material
Drilling a borehole is charged per meter so the deeper if is the more expensive it will be.
- Company to do the drilling
The company costs will be determined by their experience, expertise and reputation, so naturally a company with more experience and expertise will charge more as they are more likely to deliver.
- Geological nature of the area
The material on which the drilling will be done will determine the casing material to be used and the time the works will take.
- Plumbing, pumping and piping material.
As the water will be obtained from great depths the materials used should be able to provide water at the surface on demand and require minimal servicing.
Typically, the cost of drilling a borehole will range from Ksh. 1,000,000 – Ksh. 3,000,000 per meter the cost will range from Kshs 6,000 – 7,500 per metre for boreholes within Kenya and will vary depending on how deep you will drill, the geology of the area and pump to be used.