Cost of borehole drilling in Kenya

Water is a basic necessity to man, second in importance only to the air that we breathe. It is said that man can survive without water for 21 days compared to food.

Water supply in Kenya is very limited and where piped water is found supply is erratic and very unpredictable. In rural areas where the water table allows, you may dig a well since the contamination risk is not as high as in urban areas. Urban areas are affected by open sewers and soak pits that return water to the ground. As such, guaranteeing safe water may necessitate the drilling of a borehole. Boreholes are expensive and permanent affairs, and it is always wise to increase the chances of finding water by using professionals before, during, and after drilling the borehole.

Drilling a borehole is an expensive affair, as it involves specialized equipment and labor. The cost to drill per meter will range from Kshs 6000 to Kshs 8,000 per meter. If a well goes for 100m you will have a minimum cost of Kshs 600,000 not factoring in other regulatory and equipping costs. For the reasons listed, you must have a hydrogeological survey, an environmental impact assessment, and approval from WARMA for drilling to commence. The prices of the hydrogeological survey will range from Kshs 45,000 to Kshs 60,000, the environmental impact assessment will also cost around Kshs 50,000.


The authorization to drill must be secured before drilling can commence and it will normally include the environmental impact assessment and the hydrogeological survey.

Factors influencing borehole drilling price.

The borehole drilling price is influenced by a few factors including

Casing material to be installed. Steel encasing will cost more than plastic encasing. However, steel encasing will give you a better performance.

The underlying bedrock where drilling will occur. The harder the bedrock the more expensive it will be.

The depth to be drilled. The deeper it is the more expensive it will be as it will take longer and use more advanced drills.

The type of submersible pump installed and its electrical controls. Whether it’s electric or solar-powered, the depth it pumps to, the quantity it pumps per hour.

Location. The location where the well will be drilled and the farther it is away from Nairobi, the more expensive it will be as mobilization costs will be high.

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